Tuesday, October 2, 2018

Nobel prize for medicine awarded to Cancer Therapy

Nobel prize for medicine awarded to Cancer Therapy
Nobel prize for medicine awarded to Cancer Therapy

Two scientists who have discovered a way to fight cancer by using the body's immune system, have won the 2018 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.
Professor James P. Allison from America and Professor Tasuku Honjo form Japan has led the work to improve the treatment of advanced, deadly skin cancer.
The award-winning Swedish Academy said that Defense Checkpoint Therapy has made revolutionary changes in the treatment of cancer.
Experts say this has proved to be "extremely effective".
Professor Allison of the University of Texas and Professor Honjo of Kyoto University, the Nobel Prize money will share nine million Swedish kronor - about $ 1.01 million or 870,000 euros.
Tasuku, who accepted the award, told reporters: "I want to continue my research ... so that it protects more cancer patients than ever before."
Professor Allison said: "It is a great, emotional privilege to meet cancer patients who have successfully been treated with immunization checkpoint blockade. They urge them to learn and understand how things work, understand For them, they testify to the power of basic science. "
Our immune system protects us from disease, but there is built-in security in it to prevent it from attacking your tissue.
Some can take advantage of those "breaks" and can also attack the attack.
Allison and Honjo, now in the 70's, discovered a way to attack our immune cells by blocking the proteins that break the tumor.
And this started the development of new drugs, which now hope for advanced and previously unexpected cancer patients.
The immune checkpoint therapy by the NHS is being used to treat people with the most serious form of skin cancer, melanoma.
It does not work for everyone, but for some patients, it appears to be incredibly good work to get rid of the tumor completely even after it spreads around the body. Such remarkable results were never seen for such patients.
The doctors are also using treatment to help some advanced lung cancer patients.
Charles Swanton, Professor of Cancer Research UK, congratulated the award winners and said: "Thanks to this tremendous work, the innate power of our own immune system has been felt against cancer and the use of therapies to save the lives of patients. In the form of advanced melanoma, lung and kidney for such cancer, these immune-boosting drugs have come out of the options. It has changed the attitude of many patients.
"The emerging area of immunotherapy, which has emerged from these discoveries, is still relatively in my childhood, so how will this research progress in the future and what will be new opportunities."
Medicine is the first of the Nobel Prizes awarded every year.

Some Previous Winners
2017- Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young to find out how the body keeps the circular rhythm or body clock
2016 - To find out how Yoshimori Ohsumi makes cells healthier through waste recycling
2015 - William C. Campbell, Satoshi Imura and Youyou Tu for the discovery of anti-parasitic drugs.
2014 - John O'Keefe, May-Britt Mosser and Edward Moser, to explore the brain's navigational system
2013 - James Rothman, Randy Schekman and Thomas Sudhof, how to actually transport the material to the cells for their discovery.
2012 - Two pioneers of stem cell research - John Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka - were awarded the Nobel after turning adult cells into stem cells.
2011 - Bruce Beutler, Jules Hoffman, and Ralph Steinman share the rewards after the revolution in understanding the body's way of fighting infection.
2010 - Robert Edwards leads the first "test tube baby" in July 1978 to make IVF reproductive treatment.
2009 - Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol Greider, and Jack Szostak for finding the telomeres at the end of chromosomes.